Psykodynamisk terapi for barn og unge som har blitt utsatt for seksuelt misbruk

Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused

Forfattere
Parker, B. Turner, W.
Årstall
2013
Tidsskrift
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Volum
Sider
30
Background The sexual abuse of children and adolescents is a significant worldwide problem. It is associated with a wide variety of negative psychological, social and physical consequences for the victims. These effects can often be seen immediately following sexual abuse, but they may manifest later on and sometimes only in adult life. There are a number of different interventions aimed at helping children and adolescents who have been sexually abused, and psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy has a long-established tradition of being used for such victims. In this review, we set out to find the evidence for its effectiveness specifically in children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. Search methods We searched the following databases in May 2013: CENTRAL, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Sociological Abstracts, Social Science Citation Index, Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Social Science and Humanities, LILACS andWorldCat. We also searched three trials registers, checked the reference lists of relevant studies and contacted known experts. Selection criteria Randomised and quasi-randomised trials comparing psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy with treatment as usual or no treatment/waiting list control for children and adolescents up to age of 18 who had experienced sexual abuse at any time prior to the intervention. Data collection and analysis The review authors (BP and WT) independently screened search results to identify studies that met eligibility criteria. Main results No studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria for this review. Authors’ conclusions There are no randomised and quasi-randomised trials that compare psychoanalytic/psychodynamic therapy with treatment as usual, no treatment or waiting list control for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused. As a result, we cannot draw any conclusions as to the effectiveness ofpsychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for this population. This important gap emphasises the need for further research into the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy in this population. Such research should ideally be in the form of methodologically high-quality, large-scale randomised controlled trials. If these are not conducted, future systematic reviews on this subject may need to consider including other lower quality evidence in order to avoid overlooking important research.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Foreldreferdigheter

Omsorgssvikt

Seksuelle overgrep

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Psykodynamisk/interpersonlig terapi

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Egenskaper

Cochrane-oversikter

"Tomme" oversikter (uten resultater for barn og unge)

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