Independent Living Programmes for Improving Outcomes for Young People Leaving the Care System: A Systematic Review

Independent living programmes for improving outcomes for young people leaving the care system

Donkoh, D. Underhill, K. Montgomery, P.
Cochrane Library
Background Independent living programmes (ILPs) are designed to provide young people leaving care with skills that will limit their disadvantage and aid in their successful transition into adulthood. Programmes focus on personal development, independent living skills, education, and vocational support. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of independent living programmes for young people leaving the care system. Search methods The following electronic databases were searched: Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 3, 2005); MEDLINE (1966 to June 2005); EMBASE (1980 to June 2005); CINAHL (1982 to June 2005); PsycINFO (1887 to June 2005); Sociological Abstracts (1952 ‐ June 2005); Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) (1987‐ June 2005) and Dissertation Abstracts (to June 2005). All bibliographies were cross‐referenced, and experts were contacted for unpublished or ongoing studies. Selection criteria Randomised or quasi‐randomised controlled trials comparing ILPs to standard care, another intervention, no intervention, or a wait‐list control, for young people leaving care systems at their country's statutory age of discharge. Data collection and analysis 2196 citations were identified and screened independently by two reviewers. Full text versions were obtained for 54 papers. None met the review's inclusion criteria. Main results No study was found that met the inclusion criteria of the review. Eighteen studies using nonrandomised or noncomparative designs were found, which generally reported favourable outcomes for ILP participants; however, reliable inferences cannot be drawn from these studies due to their use of weak methodology. Authors' conclusions Results from randomised controlled trials show no evidence of the effectiveness of ILPs in improving or impairing outcomes for young people discharged from care. Further research into ILPs using randomised controlled designs is needed.

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Tidlig innsats


Utvikling og livsmestring

Sosiale ferdigheter (inkl. vennerelasjoner)




Psykososiale hjelpetiltak

Foster- og beredskapshjem

Økonomisk/praktisk hjelp


Ungdom (13-18 år)



"Tomme" oversikter (uten resultater for barn og unge)

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