Interventions for youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour: An update to a systematic review

Interventions for youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour: An update to a systematic review

Bailey, E. Robinson, J. Witt, K.
Australasian Psychiatry
OBJECTIVE: To update our 2018 review with the latest evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour. METHOD: In keeping with our 2018 review, Embase, PsycInfo, and Medline were searched using relevant key words. Included trials were RCTs evaluating the impact of an intervention or approach designed to prevent or reduce youth suicide and suicide-related behaviour. Key data were extracted, and results synthesised narratively. RESULTS: Thirty RCTs were included across clinical (n = 13), educational (n = 8), and community settings (n = 9). No trials were conducted in workplace or primary care settings, or with indigenous populations, and few trials involved partnerships with young people. There were some concerns or a high risk of bias for most trials. CONCLUSION: While a relatively large number of RCTs have been published in recent years, knowledge gaps remain. Further high-quality RCTs are needed, including those focussing on vulnerable population groups. Meaningful consumer involvement and a stronger emphasis on implementation are also recommended.

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Type of intervention

Treatment and Child Welfare Interventions


Mental Health Problems and Disorders

Emotional Problems



Psychological Treatments

Family Therapy

Parent Guidance / Therapy


Psychoeducational Interventions

The organization of interventions

School/Preschoolbased Interventions

E-health interventions

Age group

Adolescents (13-18 years)

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