Effekt av tiltak for å forhindre vold blant ungdom i Latin-Amerika: Systematisk oversikt

Interventions to prevent youth violence in Latin America: a systematic review

Atienzo, E. E. Baxter, S. K. Kaltenthaler, E.
OBJECTIVES: This review aims to summarise evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent youth violence in Latin America. METHODS: A systematic search on 13 academic databases was conducted to locate studies evaluating a primary or secondary prevention intervention in Latin America. Studies could use any type of quantitative design to assess outcomes related to youth violence. A search of websites, references and citation searching was also carried out. The quality of each study was assessed. RESULTS: Nine studies were identified. Most documented positive effects of the interventions on the perception of youth violence present in the community/school. Evidence was found of a reduction in homicides and juvenile crimes in three studies, two of which evaluated a community-based intervention. There were mixed results for the self-report of participation on violent acts. The majority of the studies lacked of a rigorous design. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the interventions had some promising results, including the reduction of homicides within communities. Community-based programmes were the most consistent regarding an effectiveness to prevent violence. However, the evidence for Latin America is still scarce and relies on non-rigorously designed studies.

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Type of intervention

Early Intervention


Mental Health Problems and Disorders

Behavior Problems

Antisocial Behaviors


Psychosocial Treatments


The organization of interventions

School/Preschoolbased Interventions

Public Health Interventions

Community-Based Interventions / Local Area

Age group

School Aged Children (6-12 years)

Adolescents (13-18 years)

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