Approximately 20 years ago O'Donohue and Elliott (1992) reviewed the treatment outcome literature for sexually abused children and evaluated each study on several criteria (e.g., adequacy of the description of therapy, subjects, and research design; assessment of clinical significance and social validity; inclusion of follow-up assessment to establish the durability of treatment effects etc.).
At that time they were only able to identify 11 treatment outcome studies. Currently, a similar search has yielded several hundred outcome studies related to the treatment of child sexual abuse, several reviews of the literature, and seven relevant meta-analyses, clearly indicating a proliferation of much needed outcome research.
In this paper we critically reviewed the seven meta-analyses and noted that different criteria for inclusion were used and some cases quite different conclusions were drawn. In this paper we describe and evaluate the seven meta-analyses and provide evidence-based treatment recommendations for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused.
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