: Evidence for the application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the clinical care of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is limited. Therefore, we aimed to summarize study results using meta-analyses of measures of the cardinal symptoms of ADHD.
: We conducted a systematic literature search (PubMed/pubpsych/PsychInfo/WOS) until 01/05/2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating tDCS vs. control condition in patients with ADHD. A random effects meta-analysis of symptom-related outcomes was performed separately for data on the immediate effect and follow-up. Subgroup- and metaregression analyses for patient characteristics and tDCS parameters were included.
: Meta-analyzing 13 studies (n=308, age=23.7+/-13.3), including 20 study arms, tDCS had an immediate effect on overall symptom severity, inattention, and impulsivity, but not on hyperactivity. Results were significant in children and adolescents (8 studies, n=133, age=12.4+/-3.0). Follow-up data (3 days-4 weeks after stimulation) suggested an ongoing beneficial effect regarding overall symptom severity and a delayed effect on hyperactivity.
: TDCS seems to be a promising method to treat clinical symptoms in ADHD with long-lasting effects. Still, more research considering the individual neuropsychological and anatomical dispositions of the subjects is needed to optimize tDCS protocols and efficacy. Safety issues of tDCS treatment in children and adolescents are addressed.
Oversett med Google Translate