Systematisk oversikt over skolebaserte forebyggings- og tidlig intervensjonsprogrammer for depresjon

Systematic review of school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression

Forfattere
Calear, A. L. Christensen, H.
Årstall
2010
Tidsskrift
Journal of Adolescence
Volum
33
Sider
429-438
A systematic review was conducted to identify and describe school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression and to evaluate their effectiveness in reducing depressive symptoms. Forty-two randomised controlled trials, relating to 28 individual school-based programs, were identified through the Cochrane Library, PsychInfo and PubMed databases. A large proportion of the programs identified were based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and delivered by a mental health professional or graduate student over 8-12 sessions. Indicated programs, which targeted students exhibiting elevated levels of depression, were found to be the most effective, with effect sizes for all programs ranging from 0.21 to 1.40. Teacher program leaders and the employment of attention control conditions were associated with fewer significant effects. Further school-based research is required that involves the use of attention controls, long-term follow-ups and which focuses on the training and evaluation of sustainable program leaders, such as teachers. (C) 2009 The Association for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Oversett med Google Translate
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Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Tiltak

Organisering av tiltak

Skole/barnehagebaserte tiltak

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Uklar aldersgruppe

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