Effekt av multikomponente tiltak for å regulere vekt på overvektige unges selvfølelse

Systematic review and meta-analysis: The impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents

Forfattere
Murray, M. Dordevic, A. L. Bonham, M. P.
Årstall
2017
Tidsskrift
Volum
42
Sider
379-394
Objective: Building self-esteem in overweight adolescents is key to long-term weight management; yet, self-esteem is rarely a key outcome of adolescent weight management interventions. This systematic review investigates the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on self-esteem in overweight and obese adolescents. Method: Six databases were searched in December 2014. Eligible studies met the following criteria: (1) randomized controlled trial, (2) overweight or obese participants, (3) adolescents (10-19 years), (4) multicomponent weight management intervention, (5) reported self-esteem and weight changes. Results: Thirteen studies with 1,157 overweight or obese adolescents, aged 10-19 years, were included. Meta-analyses showed no significant change in self-esteem (0.27 [-0.04, 0.59]), but body mass index z-score reduced following intervention (-0.17 [-0.22, -0.11]). Conclusion: The lack of change in self-esteem suggests weight loss alone is insufficient to improve self-esteem. Multicomponent weight management interventions require a specific focus on self-esteem to improve this outcome in overweight and obese adolescents. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)

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Tiltaksnivå

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Utvikling og livsmestring

Selvfølelse og selvtillit

Biologiske risikofaktorer, sykdommer og symptomer

Overvekt

Tiltak

Folkehelsetiltak

Fysisk aktivitet

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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