The aims are to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sodium valproate for children with Tourette's syndrome (TS). We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, Cochrane Central, CBM, CNKI, VIP, WANG FANG database and relevant reference lists. Five RCTs (N=247) and five case series (N=163) studies were included.
Only one RCT (93 patients) evaluated total YGTSS scores and there was significant difference in the reduction of total YGTSS scores between sodium valproate and the control group (3.50+/-4.59 vs 7.86+/-7.03, P<0.01). One RCT (30 patients) evaluated motor and vocal tics, and there was significant difference in the reduction of motor and vocal tics scores between sodium valproate and haloperidol (10.45+/-4.15 vs 14.92+/-3.01, P<0.01).
Meta-analysis of three RCTs (N=124) showed there was no significant difference in the reduction of the number of tics between sodium valproate and the positive control group [Relative Risk (RR)=1.09, 95%CI (0.92, 1.30), P=0.30]. The pooled proportion in five case series studies which used tics symptom improvement self-defined by authors was 80.7% (95% CI: 73.7-86.2, I(2)=0). No fatal side effects were reported.
In conclusion, based on the limited evidence, the routine use of sodium valproate for treatment of TS in children is not recommended. Further well-conducted trials that examine long-term outcomes are required.
Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Oversett med Google Translate