Smartphone-Based Interventions and Internalizing Disorders in Youth: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Smartphone-Based Interventions and Internalizing Disorders in Youth: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Forfattere
Buttazzoni, A. Brar, K. Minaker, L.
Årstall
2021
Tidsskrift
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Volum
23
Sider
e16490
BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders in youth are a global issue that have important implications for the future quality of life and morbidity of affected individuals. In the context of public health initiatives, smartphone-based interventions have been suggested to hold the potential to be an effective strategy to reduce the symptoms of mental health disorders in youth; however, further evaluation is needed to confirm their effectiveness. This systematic review and meta-analysis documents and synthesizes existing research on smartphone-based interventions targeting internalizing disorders in youth populations. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to synthesize existing research on smartphone-based interventions targeting internalizing disorders in youth populations. METHODS: PubMed and SCOPUS were searched in 2019, and 4334 potentially relevant articles were found. A total of 12 studies were included in the final synthesis. We used the Hedges g meta-analysis approach and a random effects model for analysis. RESULTS: The results of this review note that depression and anxiety are the most commonly targeted symptoms, and unlike other similar topics, most studies reviewed were linked to a proven treatment. The overall pooled effect from the meta-analysis showed small but significant effects (kappa=12; N=1370; Hedges g=0.20; 95% CI 0.02-0.38) for interventions in reducing the symptoms of internalizing disorders. In total, 4 subgroup analyses examining specific symptoms and intervention styles found varied small significant and nonsignificant effects. CONCLUSIONS: Future research should focus on developing robust evaluative frameworks and examining interventions among more diverse populations and settings. More robust research is needed before smartphone-based interventions are scaled up and used at the population level to address youth internalizing disorders.

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Tiltaksnivå

Tidlig innsats

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Angstproblematikk

Angst og engstelighet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Tiltak

Organisering av tiltak

E-helsetiltak (spill, internett, telefon)

Aldersgruppe

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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