Litteraturgjennomgang: Kan vi rettferdiggjøre den store utbredelsen av universelle skolebaserte tiltak for å forebygge depresjon hos barn og unge?

Research Review: Can we justify the widespread dissemination of universal, school-based interventions for the prevention of depression among children and adolescents?

Spence, S. H. Shortt, A. L.
This review examines the evidence concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of universal, school-based interventions designed to prevent the development of depression in children and adolescents. It evaluates the outcomes of research in relation to standards of evidence specified by the Society for Prevention Research (Flay et al., 2005). The limited evidence available brings into doubt the efficacy and effectiveness of current universal, school-based approaches to the prevention of depression, suggesting that the widespread dissemination of such interventions would be premature. Relatively brief programs, that focus specifically on enhancing individual skills and characteristics of the individual in the absence of environmental change, may be insufficient to produce lasting effects in the prevention of depression among children and adolescents.

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Type of intervention

Preventive- and Promotive Health Interventions


Mental Health Problems and Disorders

Emotional Problems

Depression and Depressed Mood


The organization of interventions

School/Preschoolbased Interventions

Age group

School Aged Children (6-12 years)

Adolescents (13-18 years)

Age not specified

More information
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