Physical, cognitive, psychological and social effects of dance in children with disabilities: systematic review and meta-analysis

Physical, cognitive, psychological and social effects of dance in children with disabilities: systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors
May, T. Chan, E. S. Lindor, E. McGinley, J. Skouteris, H. Austin, D. McGillivray, J. Rinehart, N. J.
Year
2021
Journal
Disability & Rehabilitation
Volume
43
Pages
13-26
AIM: To date it is unclear whether the physical, cognitive, psychological and social benefits of dance extend to children with disabilities. METHOD: This systematic review synthesised empirical research on the effect of non-therapy dance programs on children with physical and developmental disabilities. RESULTS: Nineteen studies met inclusion criteria, including 521 participants aged 3-18 years and adapted dance programs with duration ranging from 7-78 hours. Sixteen studies had weak methodology. Most examined physical outcomes with improvements in 17/23 areas and meta-analyses showing significant medium to large effects for balance and jumping skills. Positive effects were also indicated for psychological, cognitive and social domains from the few available studies. CONCLUSION: Existing literature is heterogeneous and of poor quality but indicates dance may have physical, cognitive and psychosocial benefits for children with disabilities. Implications for rehabilitation To date the benefits of dance for children with disabilities have not been systematically synthesised. Dance may have physical, cognitive and psychosocial benefits for children with disabilities. Further research into psychosocial benefits in particular is warranted.

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Type of intervention

Early Intervention

Treatment and Child Welfare Interventions

Topic

Development and Life Coping Skills

Cognition

Self-esteem

Biological Risk Factors, Diseases and Symptoms

Mental/Physical Impairment

Intervention

Public Health Interventions

Physical Activity

Alternative Treatment

Music/Art and Expression Therapy

Age group

Preschool Aged Children (3-5 years)

School Aged Children (6-12 years)

Adolescents (13-18 years)

More information
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