Tiltak (fasilitert av jevnaldrende) i nærmiljøet for å bedre ungdommers helse i lav- og middelinntektsland: Systematisk oversikt

Peer-facilitated community-based interventions for adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Authors
Rose-Clarke, K. Bentley, A. Marston, C. Prost, A.
Year
2019
Journal
Volume
14
Pages
e0210468
BACKGROUND: Adolescents aged 10-19 represent one sixth of the world's population and have a high burden of morbidity, particularly in low-resource settings. We know little about the potential of community-based peer facilitators to improve adolescent health in such contexts. METHODS: We did a systematic review of peer-facilitated community-based interventions for adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We searched databases for randomised controlled trials of interventions featuring peer education, counselling, activism, and/or outreach facilitated by young people aged 10-24. We included trials with outcomes across key areas of adolescent health: infectious and vaccine preventable diseases, undernutrition, HIV/AIDS, sexual and reproductive health, unintentional injuries, violence, physical disorders, mental disorders and substance use. We summarised evidence from these trials narratively. PROSPERO registration: CRD42016039190. RESULTS: We found 20 studies (61,014 adolescents). Fourteen studies tested interventions linked to schools or colleges, and 12 had non-peer-facilitated components, e.g. health worker training. Four studies had HIV-related outcomes, but none reported reductions in HIV prevalence or incidence. Nine studies had clinical sexual and reproductive health outcomes, but only one reported a positive effect: a reduction in Herpes Simplex Virus-2 incidence. Three studies had violence-related outcomes, two of which reported reductions in physical violence by school staff and perpetration of physical violence by adolescents. Seven studies had mental health outcomes, four of which reported reductions in depressive symptoms. Finally, we found eight studies on substance use, four of which reported reductions in alcohol consumption and smoking or tobacco use. There were no studies on infectious and vaccine preventable diseases, undernutrition, or injuries. CONCLUSIONS: There are few trials on the effects of peer-facilitated community-based interventions for adolescent health in LMICs. Existing trials have mixed results, with the most promising evidence supporting work with peer facilitators to improve adolescent mental health and reduce substance use and violence.

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Type of intervention

Preventive- and Promotive Health Interventions

Topic

Mental Health Problems and Disorders

Behavior Problems

Antisocial Behaviors

Exclusion/Marginalization

Poverty

Drugs and Gambling

Alcohol

Illegal Drugs

Intervention

Public Health Interventions

Community-Based Interventions / Local Area

Age group

School Aged Children (6-12 years)

Adolescents (13-18 years)

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