Mindfulnessbaserte tiltak i skolen: Systematisk oversikt og metaanalyse

Mindfulness-based interventions in schools-a systematic review and meta-analysis

Forfattere
Zenner, C. Herrnleben-Kurz, S. Walach, H.
Årstall
2014
Tidsskrift
Frontiers in Psychology
Volum
5
Sider
20
Mindfulness programs for schools are popular. We systematically reviewed the evidence regarding the effects of school based mindfulness interventions on psychological outcomes, using a comprehensive search strategy designed to locate both published and unpublished studies. Systematic searches in 12 databases were performed in August 2012. Further studies were identified via hand search and contact with experts. Two reviewers independently extracted the data, also selecting information about intervention programs (elements, structure etc.), feasibility, and acceptance. Twenty-four studies were identified, of which 13 were published. Nineteen studies used a controlled design. In total, 1348 students were instructed in mindfulness, with 876 serving as controls, ranging from grade 1 to 12. Overall effect sizes were Hedge's g=0.40 between groups and g=0.41 within groups (p<0.0001). Between group effect sizes for domains were: cognitive performance g=0.80, stress g=0.39, resilience g=0.36, (allp<0.05), emotional problems g=0.19 third person ratings g=0.25 (bothn. s.). All in all, mindfulness-based interventions in children and youths hold promise, particularly in relation to improving cognitive performance and resilience to stress. However, the diversity of study samples, variety in implementation and exercises, and wide range of instruments used require a careful and differentiated examination of data. There is great heterogeneity, many studies are under powered, and measuring effects of Mindfulness in this setting is challenging. The field is nascent and recommendations will be provided as to how interventions and research of these interventions may proceed.

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Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Angstproblematikk

Angst og engstelighet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Stress

Utvikling og livsmestring

Kognisjon (hukommelse, oppmerksomhet, eksekutive funksjoner)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Mindfulness

Organisering av tiltak

Skole/barnehagebaserte tiltak

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Uklar aldersgruppe

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