Mindfulness-baserte tiltak blant ungdommer med kroniske sykdommer i kliniske settinger: Systematisk oversikt

Mindfulness-Based Interventions Among Adolescents With Chronic Diseases in Clinical Settings: A Systematic Review

Forfattere
Abujaradeh, H. Safadi, R. Sereika, S. M. Kahle, C. T. Cohen, S. M.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Volum
32
Sider
455-472
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the benefits/efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) implemented among adolescents with chronic diseases in clinical settings. METHODS: An electronic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases was conducted in November 2017 to identify studies in which mindfulness was the primary intervention delivered for adolescents with chronic diseases to improve psychological and physical health. RESULTS: Nineteen eligible studies were included in this review. Fifteen studies included adolescents with psychiatric or pain disorders, and four included adolescents with a chronic physical disorders. Psychological outcomes and pain were examined in most studies with effect sizes for MBIs ranging from small to large. DISCUSSION: MBI studies conducted in clinical settings mainly engaged adolescents with psychiatric or pain disorders. The effectiveness of MBIs on improving psychological outcomes were inconsistent. Large randomized trials are needed to examine the effectiveness of MBIs and should expand to include adolescents with chronic physical diseases.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Biologiske risikofaktorer, sykdommer og symptomer

Somatisk sykdom (inkl. smertetilstander)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Mindfulness

Psykososiale hjelpetiltak

Avspenningstiltak (sykehusklovn, avspenning knyttet til medisinske prosedyrer)

Aldersgruppe

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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