Mental health interventions for African children: A meta-analytic review

Mental health interventions for African children: A meta-analytic review

Forfattere
Katsonga-Phiri, T. Lewis, J. T. Murray, M. DuBois, D. L. Grant, K. E.
Årstall
2021
Tidsskrift
Children and Youth Services Review
Volum
127
Sider
13
With a mandate to increase the capacity to support global mental health, this is the first meta-analysis with the aim of examining where the field stands in understanding the effectiveness of psychological interventions created for, and implemented with, children in African countries who experience stress and trauma. Searches for empirical randomized-controlled trials of psychological interventions with children in African countries were carried out in major databases. The current study combines the results of 26 studies to examine overall effectiveness of these interventions and goes on to examine the moderators of effectiveness looking at eight different potential moderators. Two moderators reach the level of significance, namely that mental health outcomes and age moderate the effectiveness of an intervention. Interventions targeting trauma were most effective. Some instances in which the null hypothesis could not be rejected turned out to be positive for the purposes of this study e.g. the education level of facilitators and the format of the group, do not show a significant impact on the effect size of these interventions. This study concludes that the creation and development of psychological interventions for African children should continue, and potential moderating variables should be more closely examined.

Oversett med Google Translate
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Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Angstproblematikk

Traumatiske belastninger/stress (PTSD)

Utenforskap/marginalisering

Fattigdom

Biologiske risikofaktorer, sykdommer og symptomer

Somatisk sykdom (inkl. smertetilstander)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Kognitiv atferdsterapi, atferdsterapi og kognitiv terapi

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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