Most substance use begins in adolescence. Both childhood trauma and associated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) increase risk for early substance use, which is associated with greater eventual severity of substance use disorders (SUDs). When co-occurring, PTSD and SUD can reinforce and exacerbate each other, necessitating integrated treatment approaches.
To systematically review existing literature on interventions for prevention or treatment of SUDs among adolescents (aged 10-24) with a history of trauma, with or without PTSD, we searched databases (PubMed, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL) using search terms related to substance use, trauma, adolescents, and interventions. Searches identified 8134 unique articles, 68 of which prompted full-text screening. Authors extracted data, applied the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool to evaluate the evidence, and synthesized findings.
Thirty three articles met eligibility criteria, including 13 RCTs. Twenty studies (10 RCTs) evaluated interventions for substance use and co-occurring problems among youth with a history of trauma, predominantly via individual therapy based on cognitive-behavioral principles, although group therapy, case management, and other approaches have also been studied. Interventions with exposure-based components were infrequent but had robust results and minimal adverse outcomes. Thirteen studies examined differential response of youth with a history of trauma to standard SUD treatments, compared to youth without a history of trauma, with mixed findings.
Youth with a history of trauma face elevated risk of SUDs and may respond differently to SUD treatments. Several promising interventions have been recently developed.
Oversett med Google Translate