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Interventions for Children, Youth, and Parents to Prevent and Reduce Cyber Abuse

Forfattere
Mishna, F. Cook, C. MacFadden, R. Saini, M. Wu, M. J.
Årstall
2009
Tidsskrift
Campbell Systematic Reviews
Volum
Sider
Objectives: To examine the effectiveness of cyber abuse interventions in increasing Internet safety knowledge and decreasing risky online behaviour. The scope of this review is experimental and quasi-experimental prevention and intervention strategies that target children ages 5 to 19 years old and/or their parents, utilize a control group, and examine an outcome related to cyber abuse such as Internet safety knowledge, risky online behaviour, or exposure to inappropriate online content. Selection Criteria: The scope of this review is experimental and quasi-experimental prevention and intervention strategies that target children ages 5 to 19 years old and/or their parents, utilize a control group, and examine an outcome related to cyber abuse such as Internet safety knowledge, risky online behaviour, or exposure to inappropriate online content. Search Strategy: We searched the following databases : Psychological Abstracts (PsycINFO, PsycLIT, ClinPsyc-clinical subset) ; MEDLINE; EMBASE; Database of reviews of effectiveness (DARE online); ChildData (child health and welfare); ASSIA (applied social sciences); Caredata (social work); Social Work Abstracts; Child Abuse, Child Welfare & Adoption; Cochrane Collaboration ; C2-SPECTR; Social Sciences Abstracts; Social Service Abstracts; Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI). We also handsearched Youth and Society; Journal of Interpersonal Violence; Annual Review of Sex; Computers in Human Behavior; Computers & Education; and Journal of Adolescent Health. Additionally, we contacted experts in the field and searched for grey literature. Data Collection and Analysis: Two screeners reviewed abstracts and full-text of all articles. Three articles met all inclusion criteria, and effect sizes and z-tests were calculated for all relevant outcomes. Main Results: Significantz -tests were found between pre-and post-test scores on measures related to Internet safety knowledge such as managing online risk and identifying online predators. Most -tests related to pre- and post- measures of risky online behaviour were not significant, including disclosing one’s name, participating in open chat rooms, or emailing strangers. Reviewers' Conclusionss: Results provide evidence that participation in psychoeducational Internet safety interventions is associated with an increase in Internet safety knowledge but is not significantly associated with a change in risky online behaviour. The need for further research in this field is highlighted.

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Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Rus og spilling

Dataspill og Internettbruk

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Foreldreveiledning/-terapi (feks COS, ICDP)

Organisering av tiltak

E-helsetiltak (spill, internett, telefon)

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Uklar aldersgruppe

Egenskaper

Campbell-oversikter

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