Effekt av familiebaserte tiltak for å forebygge bruk av alkohol blant ungdom i den generelle populasjonen: Metaanalyse av randomiserte kontrollerte studier

Family interventions and their effect on adolescent alcohol use in general populations; a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Forfattere
Smit, E. Verdurmen, J. Monshouwer, K. Smit, F.
Årstall
2008
Tidsskrift
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Volum
97
Sider
195-206
Aims: In order to quantify the effectiveness of family interventions in reducing adolescent drinking, we conducted a theta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Methods: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ERIC (Educational Research Information Center), Medline and PsycInfo for studies published between 1995 and September 2006. Summary estimates (OR and Cohen's d) were derived from the difference in changed alcohol consumption between family intervention and control group. Random effect models were used to estimate the overall effect and heterogeneity anion; studies. Eighteen papers describing nine independent trials were eligible for inclusion in this meta-analysis. Results: The overall effect of family interventions in reducing alcohol initiation (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.54, 0.94) and frequency of alcohol use (d: -0.25: 95%r CI: -0.37. -0.12) show the success of these programs. There was heterogeneity between studies reporting on alcohol initiation (p-heterogeneity: < 0.001: I-2 : 78.6%). Yet, the most successful interventions continued to be effective in reducing alcohol initiation even at 48 months follow-up (pooled estimate (OR): 0.53; 95% CI: 0.38, 0.75). Conclusion: The results from this meta-analysis suggest that the overall effect of family interventions on adolescent alcohol use is small, yet consistent and effective even at 48 months. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Oversett med Google Translate
-
Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tema

Rus og spilling

Alkohol

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Foreldreveiledning/-terapi (feks COS, ICDP)

Aldersgruppe

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Mer informasjon
Leter du etter mer informasjon om temaet? Trykk på lenkene nedenfor for å søke i PsykTestBarn og Håndboka for barn og unges psykiske helse.