Trening for barn og ungdom med ADHD: Systematisk oversikt

Exercise Interventions in Children and Adolescents With ADHD: A Systematic Review

Forfattere
Neudecker, C. Mewes, N. Reimers, A. K. Woll, A.
Årstall
2015
Tidsskrift
Journal of Attention Disorders
Volum
11
Sider
11
OBJECTIVE: Exercise has attracted attention as a potential helpful intervention in children with ADHD. Effects are emphasized on cognition, social-emotional, and motor development. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC to analyze the efficacy of different types of exercise interventions in children and adolescents with ADHD. Seven studies examining the acute and 14 studies examining the long-term effects were included. RESULTS: The largest effects were reported for mixed exercise programs on ADHD symptomatology and fine motor precision. However, because of the large differences in the study designs, the comparability is limited. CONCLUSION: At that time, no evidence-based recommendation can be formulated regarding frequency, intensity, or duration of exercise. Nevertheless, some first trends regarding the effects of certain types of exercise can be identified. When focusing on long-term health benefits in children and adolescents with ADHD, qualitative exercise characteristics might play an important role. Copyright © 2015 SAGE Publications.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

ADHD

Utvikling og livsmestring

Kognisjon (hukommelse, oppmerksomhet, eksekutive funksjoner)

Motorikk

Sosiale ferdigheter (inkl. vennerelasjoner)

Tiltak

Folkehelsetiltak

Fysisk aktivitet

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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