Effekt av kognitiv atferdsterapi hos barn og ungdom med insomnia: Systematisk oversikt og metaanalyse

Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy in children and adolescents with insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Forfattere
Ma, Z. R. Shi, L. J. Deng, M. H.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Volum
51
Sider
e7070
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria. The primary outcomes of the meta-analysis included sleep onset latency (SOL), wake after sleep onset (WASO), total sleep time (TST), and sleep efficiency (SE%). Six randomized controlled trials and four open-label trials met all inclusion criteria. A total of 464 participants (ranging from 5-19 years of age) were included. Based on the results from sleep logs, a significant pooled effect size was observed for SOL and SE%. However, no significant pooled effect size was found for WASO or TST. Results from actigraphy were consistent with the sleep logs. A significant pooled effect size was observed for SOL and SE%, and no significant pooled effect size was found for WASO or TST. CBT-i might be effective in the treatment of children and adolescents with insomnia.

Oversett med Google Translate
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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Andre problemer

Søvn (inkl. søvnforstyrrelser)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Kognitiv atferdsterapi, atferdsterapi og kognitiv terapi

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Mer informasjon
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