Effekt av skolebaserte atferdstiltak i grunnskolen: Metaanalyse

Efficacy of behavioral classroom programs in primary school. A meta-analysis focusing on randomized controlled trials

Forfattere
Veenman, B. Luman, M. Oosterlaan, J.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Plos One
Volum
13 (10) (no pagination)
Sider
Objective This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of behavioral classroom programs on symptoms of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Oppositional Defiant and/or Conduct Disorder in primary school children. Method Online database searches (in PubMed, Embase, Psycinfo, and Eric) yielded nineteen randomized controlled trials (N = 18,094), comparing behavioral classroom programs (including multimodal programs involving a classroom program) to no treatment/treatment as usual. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted for teacher-rated and classroom-observed disruptive classroom behavior and for classroom-observed on-task behavior. Post-hoc analyses investigated whether effects depended on type and severity of problem behavior. Meta-regressions studied the moderating effects of age, gender, and intervention duration. Results Small positive effects were found on teacher-rated disruptive behavior (d = -0.20) and classroom- observed on-task behavior (d = 0.39). Program effects on teacher-rated disruptive behavior were unrelated to age, gender, type and severity, but negatively associated with intervention duration (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.43). Conclusion Behavioral classroom programs have small beneficial effects on disruptive behavior and ontask behavior. Results advocate universal programs for entire classrooms to prevent and reduce disruptive classroom behavior. Copyright © 2018 Veenman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Oversett med Google Translate
-
Tiltaksnivå

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Atferdsproblemer

Utagerende/utfordrende atferd (uro, bråk)

ADHD

Tiltak

Organisering av tiltak

Skole/barnehagebaserte tiltak

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Mer informasjon
Leter du etter mer informasjon om temaet? Trykk på lenkene nedenfor for å søke i PsykTestBarn og Håndboka for barn og unges psykiske helse.