Effekt av familie-sentrerte omsorgstiltak på premature spedbarn og foreldre i neonatal intensivavdelingsenheter: Systematisk oversikt

Effects of family-centred care interventions on preterm infants and parents in neonatal intensive care units: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Forfattere
Ding, X. Zhu, L. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Wang, T. T. Latour, J. M.
Årstall
2019
Tidsskrift
Volum
32
Sider
63-75
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review English and Chinese randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the effects of family-centred care (FCC) interventions on preterm infants' and parental outcomes in the neonatal intensive care units and to conduct a meta-analysis. REVIEW METHOD USED: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, BNI, and AMED and the Chinese databases CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched in April 2017 and updated in August 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Only RCTs were included. Participants were preterm infants <=37 weeks gestational age and parents. Interventions were related to FCC, and outcome measures were infant and parent clinical outcomes. Included studies were assessed for risk of bias using Cochrane Manual 5.1.0. Meta-analyses used mean differences (MDs), standardised mean differences (SMDs), or odds ratio (OR), followed by 95% confidence interval (CI). Heterogeneity was tested with Cochran's Q chi-squared test, tau-squared test, and inconsistency index (I<sup>2</sup>). RESULTS: Nineteen studies (10 from English and 9 from Chinese databases) were included; meta-analysis included 15 studies (7 English and 8 Chinese RCTs). Meta-analysis showed significant improvements in weight gain (7 studies: MD, 4.57; 95% CI, 2.80-6.34; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> 94%); readmission (3 studies: OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.10-0.52; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 0%); parent satisfaction (5 studies: OR, 11.20; 95% CI, 4.76-26.34; p < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 0%); skills of parents (4 studies: SMD, 2.57; 95% CI, 2.19-2.96; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 53%); knowledge of parents (4 studies: SMD, 2.74; 95% CI, 2.47-3.00; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 0%); parental anxiety at follow-up (3 studies: SMD, -0.19; 95% CI, -0.28 to -0.09; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 0%); parent depression at follow-up (2 studies: SMD, 0.37; 95% CI, -0.63 to -0.12; P = 0.004; I<sup>2</sup> = 44%); and parental stress (3 studies: MD, -0.20; 95% CI, -0.26 to -0.13; P < 0.001; I<sup>2</sup> = 0%). No statistical differences were observed in neurobehavioural development (3 studies) and hospital length of stay (7 studies). CONCLUSIONS: FCC interventions can improve weight gain and readmission in preterm infants as well as parent satisfaction, knowledge, and skills, and possibly long-term anxiety, depression, and stress. Developing standardised outcome sets for testing family-centred care interventions is recommended.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Biologiske risikofaktorer, sykdommer og symptomer

For tidlig fødsel

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Foreldreveiledning/-terapi (feks COS, ICDP)

Organisering av tiltak

Døgnbehandling

Aldersgruppe

Sped- og småbarn (0-2 år)

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