To determine the effectiveness of technological-based educational interventions on the empowerment-related outcomes of children and young adults with cancer.
Quantitative systematic review.
Six electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and PsycINFO, were searched to identify eligible randomized controlled trials from each database's point of inception to December 2017. Grey literature was also searched from ProQuest and MedNar.
A narrative summary of the results was undertaken owing to the small number of eligible studies and high heterogeneity across the studies.
Five studies were included in the review. Five empowerment-related outcomes under the domain "patient states" were identified at differing time points of 3-month postintervention, immediate postintervention, and during treatment: (a) self-efficacy; (b) cancer knowledge; (c) health locus of control; (d) emotional well-being; and (e) quality of life. At 3-month postintervention, health locus of control was found to be significant in two studies and self-efficacy and cancer knowledge were found to be significant in one study. No difference in quality of life was found. At immediate postintervention, a beneficial indication was observed. During treatment, no statistical significance was found regarding the effectiveness of a technological-based cognitive behavioural package.
Weak evidences led to inconclusive findings on the effectiveness of technological-based educational interventions on the empowerment-related outcomes of children and young adults with cancer. Future research will benefit from well-designed clinical trials that use a common outcome measurement to provide more information regarding the effectiveness of such interventions.
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