Effectiveness of Parent–Child Interaction Therapy for Maltreated Families: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Maltreated Families: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Zhang, H. Wang, W. Li, Z.
Trauma Violence & Abuse
This meta-analysis evaluated the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for maltreated families and examined potential moderators associated with the intervention. Seven English electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global) were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before January 20, 2023. Eleven studies involving 1,069 maltreated or high-risk families were included in the meta-analysis. Our results showed that PCIT significantly reduced child externalizing behaviors, improved parenting skills, and decreased parenting stress and child abuse potential in maltreated families. Additionally, families with confirmed maltreatment history reported larger effect sizes across all outcomes than those at high risk of maltreatment; parenting skills outcomes were more effective in adapted PCIT versions, using per-protocol analysis, and American caregivers, whereas none of the outcomes were related to the number of sessions. These findings provide encouraging evidence for the use of PCIT as an intervention for families with a history of maltreatment, although more high-quality RCTs are required to confirm its effects.

Oversett med Google Translate
Type of intervention

Early Intervention

Treatment and Child Welfare Interventions


Mental Health Problems and Disorders

Behavior Problems

Externalizing Behaviors / Challenging Behaviors

Parenting Skills


Physical Abuse

Psychological Abuse


Psychological Treatments

Family Therapy

Parent Guidance / Therapy

Age group

Preschool Aged Children (3-5 years)

School Aged Children (6-12 years)

More information
Looking for more information on this topic? Click on the links below to search PsykTestBarn and Håndboka