A growing number of studies have investigated technology-based interventions (computer, phone, tablet, robot, etc.) for supporting children and teenagers with ASD, notably in school settings. Past reviews stressed study design weaknesses of TBI researches.
This systematic review has threefold purpose: 1) to update the previous ones with a focus on clinical-quality studies; 2) to examine reliability, consistency, durability and generalization of measurements; and 3) to compare the methodology of two cores of studies according to two dimensions: Therapeutic Effectiveness (TE) and Technology Usability (TU).
From the 685 search results, 31 studies were selected (22 on TE, 6 on TU, and 3 on TE-TU). Overall, few studies reached the standards of evidence-based practices (reliability, consistency, durability, generalization). TE studies provided more evidence of their reliability than TU and TU-TE studies.
Moreover, the examination of studies' results revealed that: 1) the more robust study designs, the less consistent TBI effect, 2) the more reliable the measure, the less large TBI-related effect size. Although less robust, TE-TU studies can be seen as an emerging interdisciplinary approach, combining expertise in human-computer interaction and clinical research.
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