To assess the efficacy of educational and skills-based interventions to prevent relationship and dating violence in adolescents and young adults.
We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and other databases for randomized, cluster-randomized, and quasi-randomized studies of interventions to prevent relationship or dating violence. We conducted meta-analyses for episodes of relationship violence, behaviors, and attitudes.
We included 38 studies (15,903 participants) in this review, of which we included 33 studies in the meta-analyses. The risk ratio for episodes of relationship violence was 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI]: [0.53, 1.13]). The standardized mean difference (SMD) for attitudes toward relationship violence was 0.06 (95% CI: [-0.01, 0.15]). The SMD for behavior related to relationship violence was -0.07 (95% CI: [-0.31, 0.16]). Subgroup analyses showed no statistically significant differences by setting or type of participants.
We found no evidence of effectiveness of interventions on episodes violence, attitudes or behaviors.
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).
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