"Deep brain stimulation" for Tics og Tourettes hos barn og ungdom: Metaanalyse

Deep brain stimulation for Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in children and youth: a meta-analysis with individual participant data

Forfattere
Coulombe, M-A. Gorman, D. A. Weil, A. G. Elkaim, L. M. Alotaibi, N. M. Fallah, A. Kalia, S. K. Lipsman, N. Lozano, A. M. Ibrahim, G. M.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Journal of Neurosurgery
Volum
Pediatrics..
Sider
1-11
OBJECTIVE Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics. Although by definition the onset of GTS is before age 18 years, clinical trials of deep brain stimulation (DBS) have been conducted only in adults. Using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis methodology, the current study investigated the safety and efficacy of DBS as a treatment for GTS in children and youth. METHODS A systematic review with no date or language restrictions was performed according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. Three electronic databases were searched: PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. From 843 articles screened, the IPD of 58 children and youth (ages 12-21 years) extracted from 21 articles were collected and analyzed. A mixed-effects univariable analysis followed by multivariable hierarchical regression was performed using change in the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) score as the primary outcome and reported measures of comorbidities as secondary outcomes. RESULTS The authors' results showed an average improvement of 57.5% +/- 24.6% across studies on the YGTSS. They also found that comorbid depression and stimulation pulse width each correlated negatively with outcome (p < 0.05). In patients with less severe GTS, greater improvements were evident following thalamic stimulation. More than one-quarter (n = 16, 27.6%) of participants experienced side effects, the majority of which were minor. CONCLUSIONS DBS in the pediatric population may be an effective option with a moderate safety profile for treatment of GTS in carefully selected children and youth. Large, prospective studies with long-term follow-up are necessary to understand how DBS influences tic symptoms and may alter the natural course of GTS in children.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Andre problemer

Tics og Tourettes

Aldersgruppe

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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