Efficacy of EMDR and TF-CBT for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) was explored through meta-analysis.
A comprehensive search yielded 494 studies of children and adolescents with PTSS who received treatment with these evidence-based therapeutic modalities. Thirty total studies were included in the meta-analysis.
The overall Cohen's d was small (-0.359) and statistically significant (p < 0.05), indicating EMDR and TF-CBT are effective in treating PTSS.
Major findings posit TF-CBT is marginally more effective than EMDR; those with sub-clinical PTSS responded more favorably in treatment than those with PTSD; and greater reductions in PTSS were observed with presence of comorbidity in diagnosis.
Assessment of publication bias with Classic fail-safe N revealed it would take 457 nonsignificant studies to nullify these findings.
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