Azapirones for ADHD: Systematisk oversikt

Azapirones for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review

Forfattere
Matsui, Y. Matsunaga, A. Matsuda, Y. Kishi, T. Iwata, N.
Årstall
2016
Tidsskrift
Pharmacopsychiatry
Volum
49
Sider
97-106
Introduction: No meta-analysis has evaluated azapirones (serotonin1A receptor partial agonists) as anxiolytics for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and single-arm trials published before October 27, 2015 were retrieved from major healthcare databases and clinical trial registries. Relative risk and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results: 5 RCTs (n = 429) and 3 single-arm studies (n = 70) were identified. 3 RCTs compared buspirone vs. methylphenidate in children/adolescents, one buspirone patches vs. placebo patches in children/adolescents, and one atomoxetine plus buspirone vs. atomoxetine vs. placebo in adults. The single-arm studies were buspirone trails in children/adolescents. All-cause discontinuation rates and adverse events did not differ between pooled buspirone and methylphenidate groups. No other meta-analyses of buspirone efficacy and safety vs. comparators were conducted due to insufficient data. 2 RCTs found no significant differences in parent and teacher ADHD-Rating Scale total scores between buspirone and methylphenidate, while one reported that methylphenidate improved parent and teacher ADHD-RS total scores vs. buspirone. Discussion: It remains unclear whether buspirone use has benefit for ADHD patients and therefore further evidence is needed for better clinical use of buspirone in patients with ADHD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

ADHD

Tiltak

Medikamentell behandling

Antidepressiva

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

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