Attachment-and Relationship-Based Interventions during NICU Hospitalization for Families with Preterm/Low-Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review of RCT Data

Attachment-and Relationship-Based Interventions during NICU Hospitalization for Families with Preterm/Low-Birth Weight Infants: A Systematic Review of RCT Data

Authors
Kim, S. Y. Kim, A. R.
Year
2022
Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume
19(3) (no pagination)
Pages
This study conducts a systematic review and meta-analysis of the randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of attachment-and relationship-based interventions in the NICU. A systematic search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase (OVID), PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted in February 2021. Of the 32,904 studies examined, 15 were identified as relevant, and 10 RCTs were eligible for meta-analysis. Cochrane's risk of bias tool was used to assess the quality of the trial reporting. Interventions were categorized as (1) parent-infant interactions, (2) parent education, and/or (3) support through qualitative synthesis. The attachment-or relationship-based intervention was effective in relieving maternal traumatic stress, maternal depression, infant weight growth, and infant development. Subgroup analyses suggested that interventions significantly improved sub-domains of mothers' and children's interactive behavior. Tailored, staged interventions may contribute to better health outcomes in preterm infants and their families. Copyright © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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Type of intervention

Early Intervention

Topic

Parenting Skills

Interaction

Attachment

Parental Stress

Development and Life Coping Skills

Social skills

Stress Management and Self-regulation

Biological Risk Factors, Diseases and Symptoms

Preterm Birth

Intervention

Psychosocial Treatments

Interventions for Pregnant Women and Postpartum Women

Age group

Infants and Toddlers (0-2 years)

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