Are media literacy interventions effective at changing attitudes and intentions towards risky health behaviors in adolescents? A meta-analytic review

Are media literacy interventions effective at changing attitudes and intentions towards risky health behaviors in adolescents? A meta-analytic review

Forfattere
Vahedi, Z. Sibalis, A. Sutherland, J. E.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Journal of Adolescence
Volum
67
Sider
140-152
Youth are inundated with media products promoting risky health behaviors (RHBs), including substance use and risky sexual activity. Media literacy interventions emphasize critical media consumption to decrease RHBs. However, it is unclear whether they positively influence attitudes and behavioral intentions towards RHBs. We conducted meta-analyses of 15 studies (N = 5000) testing intervention effectiveness on media literacy skills and 20 studies (N = 9177) testing effectiveness on attitudes and intentions towards RHBs. We found positive effects on media literacy skills (Hedge's g =.417, [95% CI,.29-.54]) and attitudes and intentions (Hedge's g =.100 [95% CI,.01-.19]). Intervention medium and target behavior moderated intervention success on attitudes and intentions, but no moderators emerged for media literacy skills. These interventions produce positive effects on media literacy skills and positive but smaller effects on attitudes and behavioral intentions, depending on medium and target behaviour. Implications for adolescent health initiatives are discussed. Copyright © 2018 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents

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Tiltaksnivå

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Andre problemer

Seksuell risikoatferd

Rus og spilling

Tobakk

Alkohol

Illegale rusmidler

Tiltak

Organisering av tiltak

Skole/barnehagebaserte tiltak

Folkehelsetiltak

Media

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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