Despite recognition that psychosocial interventions can improve quality of life and mental health, there continues to be a lack of clarity and guidance around effective psychosocial interventions for children and young people with epilepsy. This review utilizes specific quality criteria to systematically identify and appraise the evidence for the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for children and young people with epilepsy.
A systematic search of six electronic databases was conducted using predefined eligibility criteria. The reference lists of previous review papers were also manually searched. Seventeen studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A quality appraisal checklist, the 'Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool' (CCAT) (Crowe, 2013)  was applied to the included articles, and effect sizes were calculated when not provided in the papers.
Methodological quality of the majority of studies included was moderate, with only three studies rated as high quality. Meta-analysis was not conducted as the studies used heterogeneous methodologies and lacked consistency in outcome measures. Limited evidence was found for interventions improving epilepsy knowledge, quality of life, and psychological outcomes.
Psychosocial interventions may provide clinical benefit although further research is needed to clarify the most effective treatment components, delivery methods, and measurement of intervention outcomes. The existing evidence base for children and young people is limited by methodological issues such as the use of small samples, inadequate power, and a lack of controlled studies.
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