En systematisk oversikt over pragmatiske språkintervensjoner for barn med autisme

A systematic review of pragmatic language interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder

Forfattere
Parsons, L. Cordier, R. Munro, N. Joosten, A. Speyer, R.
Årstall
2017
Tidsskrift
Volum
12 (4) (no pagination)
Sider
There is a need for evidence based interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to limit the life-long, psychosocial impact of pragmatic language impairments. This systematic review identified 22 studies reporting on 20 pragmatic language interventions for children with ASD aged 0-18 years. The characteristics of each study, components of the interventions, and the methodological quality of each study were reviewed. Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of 15 interventions. Results revealed some promising approaches, indicating that active inclusion of the child and parent in the intervention was a significant mediator of intervention effect. Participant age, therapy setting or modality were not significant mediators between the interventions and measures of pragmatic language. The long-term effects of these interventions and the generalisation of learning to new contexts is largely unknown. Implications for clinical practice and directions for future research are discussed. Copyright © 2017 Parsons et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Autismespekter

Utvikling og livsmestring

Språk (reseptivt/ekspressivt)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Familieterapi

Psykososiale hjelpetiltak

Habilitering/rehabilitering (inkl. fysioterapi)

Alternativ behandling

Musikk/kunst- og uttrykksterapi

Aldersgruppe

Sped- og småbarn (0-2 år)

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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