A Systematic Review of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Low-Income Schools

A Systematic Review of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Low-Income Schools

Forfattere
Segal, S. C. Vyas, S. S. Monson, C. M.
Årstall
2021
Tidsskrift
Mindfulness
Volum
12
Sider
1316-1331
Objectives Low-income youth are at greater risk for persistent exposure to environmental stressors and they face a number of barriers to accessing mental health treatment. Furthermore, it is unclear whether interventions developed for youth more generally are effective for this vulnerable population. The objective of this systematic review was to review and summarize the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions delivered in low-income schools (Grades 3-9) on psychological functioning. Methods Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and MEDLINE, which led to the inclusion of eight studies in the current review (seven unique samples). Study interventions, methodologies, and individual characteristics were reviewed and summarized. Results Findings were inconsistent across studies, but some improvements were reported for externalizing and internalizing symptoms, emotional regulation, and perceived stress. Feasibility data were limited, with findings of high enrollment and retention, moderate levels of student-reported satisfaction, and low adherence to at-home practice. Conclusions Although diverse interventions were delivered across studies, these results suggest that school-based mindfulness interventions may have potential for increasing access to intervention for low-income youth. Strengths and limitations of the literature are reviewed, and future directions are discussed.

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Tiltaksnivå

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Atferdsproblemer

Utagerende/utfordrende atferd (uro, bråk)

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Angstproblematikk

Angst og engstelighet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Utvikling og livsmestring

Stressmestring og selvregulering

Utenforskap/marginalisering

Fattigdom

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Mindfulness

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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