En systematisk oversikt over effektive tiltak for å redusere helserelatert risikoatferd hos ungdom

A systematic review of effective interventions for reducing multiple health risk behaviors in adolescence

Forfattere
Hale, D. R. Daniel, R. Fitzgerald-Yau, N. Viner, R. M.
Årstall
2014
Tidsskrift
American Journal of Public Health
Volum
104
Sider
e19-e41
We systematically searched 9 biomedical and social science databases (1980-2012) for primary and secondary interventions that prevented or reduced 2 or more adolescent health risk behaviors (tobacco use, alcohol use, illicit drug use, risky sexual behavior, aggressive acts). We identified 44 randomized controlled trials of universal or selective interventions and were effective for multiple health risk behaviors. Most were school based, conducted in the United States, and effective for multiple forms of substance use. Effects were small, in line with findings for other universal prevention programs. In some studies, effects for more than 1 health risk behavior only emerged at long-term follow-up. Integrated prevention programs are feasible and effective and may be more efficient than discrete prevention strategies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

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Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Atferdsproblemer

Antisosial atferd (vold/aggresjon, ungdomskriminalitet)

Rus og spilling

Tobakk

Alkohol

Illegale rusmidler

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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