En oversikt over 25 langsiktige tiltak for forebygging av røyking og narkotikabruk blant ungdom

A review of 25 long-term adolescent tobacco and other drug use prevention program evaluations

Forfattere
Skara, S. Sussman, S.
Årstall
2003
Tidsskrift
Preventive Medicine
Volum
37
Sider
451-74
BACKGROUND: Although the initial effectiveness of psychosocial strategies programming in preventing smoking and other drug abuse among adolescents has been well established through literature reviews and meta-analyses, much less evidence exists for the long-term follow-up success of these interventions. The primary goal of this paper, therefore, is to summarize the effectiveness of published program evaluation studies that have followed adolescents across the transitional period between junior high and high school for a period of at least 2 years. METHODS: Studies for inclusion in this review were accessed primarily through a computerized search of Medline, Healthstar, and PsychINFO databases. Intervention studies that met five core criteria were retained for review. Two authors independently abstracted data on study characteristics, methodology, and program outcomes. RESULTS: Search results yielded 25 studies suitable for examination. The majority of these studies reported significant program effects for long-term smoking, alcohol, and marijuana outcomes, while indicating a fairly consistent magnitude of program effects. CONCLUSIONS: This review provides long-term empirical evidence of the effectiveness of social influences programs in preventing or reducing substance use for up to 15 years after completion of programming. However, this conclusion is still somewhat tenuous given the lack of significant program effects reported in several studies and the great variability that existed in the level of internal and external validity across all studies.

Oversett med Google Translate
-
Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tidlig innsats

Tema

Rus og spilling

Tobakk

Alkohol

Illegale rusmidler

Tiltak

Organisering av tiltak

Skole/barnehagebaserte tiltak

Folkehelsetiltak

Tiltak i nærmiljøet/infrastruktur (ungdomsklubber, frivillig arbeid, etterskoletilbud, veier, parker)

Aldersgruppe

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Mer informasjon
Leter du etter mer informasjon om temaet? Trykk på lenkene nedenfor for å søke i PsykTestBarn og Håndboka for barn og unges psykiske helse.