En metaanalyse av forebyggingstiltak for symptomer på angst hos barn og unge

A meta-analytic review on the prevention of symptoms of anxiety in children and adolescents

Forfattere
Teubert, D. Pinquart, M.
Årstall
2011
Tidsskrift
Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Volum
25
Sider
1046-1059
Anxiety disorders are the most frequent psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents and have adverse effects on their psychosocial functioning. An increasing number of studies are aimed at its prevention. This meta-analysis included 65 studies on anxiety prevention. We found small but significant effects on anxiety at posttest (symptoms: g = .22, diagnosis: g = .23; SD units) and follow-up (symptoms: g = .19, diagnosis: g = .32). Intervention effects at posttest varied by type of prevention: Indicated/selective prevention programs showed lager effect sizes than universal programs. At follow-up, smaller effects were found in samples with higher percentages of girls and stronger effect size for programs focusing primarily on anxiety prevention. We conclude: Anxiety prevention programs produce effects size of practical relevance. More efforts are needed for assessing the long-term program effects on the risk for developing anxiety disorders and for improving long-term prevention effects on girls. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).

Oversett med Google Translate
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Tiltaksnivå

Forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Angstproblematikk

Angst og engstelighet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Foreldreveiledning/-terapi (feks COS, ICDP)

Kognitiv atferdsterapi, atferdsterapi og kognitiv terapi

Folkehelsetiltak

Fysisk aktivitet

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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