Effekt av psykoterapi på barn og unge som har blitt seksuelt misbrukt: Metaanalyse

A meta-analysis of the effects of psychotherapy with sexually abused children and adolescents

Forfattere
Harvey, S. Taylor, J. E.
Årstall
2010
Tidsskrift
Clinical Psychology Review
Volum
30
Sider
517-535
This paper presents a meta-analysis of the psychotherapy treatment outcome studies for sexually abused children and adolescents. There were 39 studies included, most of which aimed to treat the psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse. Separate meta-analyses were conducted according to study design and outcome domain, in keeping with meta-analytic conventions. However, given heterogeneity across studies and the need for sufficient n in each category for meaningful moderator analyses, the study designs were pooled into a repeated measures meta-analysis. There were large effect sizes for global outcomes (g = 1.37) and PTSD/trauma outcomes (g = 1.12). More moderate effect sizes were evident for internalizing symptoms (g = 0.74), self-appraisal (g = 0.63), externalizing symptoms (g = 0.52), and sexualized behavior (g = 0.49), while small effects were found for measures of coping/functioning (g = 0.44), caregiver outcomes (g = 0.43), and social skills/competence (g = 0.38). Effects were maintained at follow-up more than six months after treatment for some outcome domains but not others. Studies represented diverse treatment approaches, and most treatments were effective in symptom reduction. Presence of probable moderators of treatment outcome varied across symptom domains, reflecting importance of targeting therapy to individual needs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract).

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Angstproblematikk

Traumatiske belastninger/stress (PTSD)

Foreldreferdigheter

Omsorgssvikt

Seksuelle overgrep

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Familieterapi

Kognitiv atferdsterapi, atferdsterapi og kognitiv terapi

Leketerapi

Organisering av tiltak

Gruppetiltak

Aldersgruppe

Barn i førskolealder (3-5 år)

Barn i skolealder (6-12 år)

Ungdom (13-18 år)

Uklar aldersgruppe

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