50 years of rational-emotive and cognitive-behavioral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

50 years of rational-emotive and cognitive-behavioral therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Forfattere
David, D. Cotet, C. Matu, S. Mogoase, C. Stefan, S.
Årstall
2018
Tidsskrift
Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volum
74
Sider
304-318
Objective Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), introduced by Albert Ellis in the late 1950s, is one of the main pillars of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Existing reviews on REBT are overdue by 10 years or more. We aimed to summarize the effectiveness and efficacy of REBT since its beginnings and investigate the alleged mechanisms of change. Method Systematic search identified 84 articles, out of which 68 provided data for between-group analyses and 39 for within-group analyses. Results We found a medium effect size of REBT compared to other interventions on outcomes (d = 0.58) and on irrational beliefs (d = 0.70), at posttest. For the within-group analyses, we obtained medium effects for both outcomes (d = 0.56) and irrational beliefs (d = 0.61). Several significant moderators emerged. Conclusion REBT is a sound psychological intervention. Directions for future studies are outlined, stemming from the limitations of existing ones.

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Tiltaksnivå

Behandling og hjelpetiltak

Tema

Psykiske vansker og lidelser

Følelsesmessige problemer

Depresjon og nedstemthet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Angstproblematikk

Angst og engstelighet (inkl. både vansker og lidelse)

Stress

Tiltak

Psykologiske behandlingsmetoder

Kognitiv atferdsterapi, atferdsterapi og kognitiv terapi

Aldersgruppe

Ungdom (13-18 år)

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